This week our question goes to Alison Dunlap. Alison is
a certified Level II USAC Coach and has been working with athletes for five
years. She runs a coaching business called Alison Dunlap Coaching, and has mountain
bike camps in Moab, UT through the Alison Dunlap Adventure Camps. Alison is
also a two-time Olympian, MTB World Champion, and 13-time National Champion.
Question: Lots of talk about training to "peak" at the
right time of year or for an event but my question is how long can you stay at
your optimal or peak performance? Is it possible to maintain it over the race
series or is it best to focus on an individual race or two?
Answer: Peaking for one event versus peaking for a series or even an
entire season is a tough decision and can dramatically change how you structure
your training in the off-season. With
more races on the calendar and our local and national series sometimes spanning
eight months, it can be overwhelming trying to figure out how to do well at
every event. However, peaking for just
one or two events can be incredibly stressful and can put an enormous amount of
pressure on a rider to do well. And if
that one event doesnít go well is the whole season a bust? So what should you do?
First thing is figure out what events you want to do well at. If you find your list is quite long then you
should consider trying to "peakĒ for the entire season. If you have only one or two major events that
you want to do well at, then you can go for one or two major peaks.
Here are the benefits and drawbacks to both approaches:
Peaking for the season:
-You have to be race fit a lot sooner, usually in late March or
early April, and you have to maintain that fitness a lot longer
-If you are trying to do well in a series, there is less pressure
at each individual race
-Your race fitness wonít be 100% at every race if you are doing a
season long series
-It can be a mental strain to always feel like you have to do your
best at every race you go to
-If one race doesnít go well you have many other races in the
series to make up for a poor performance
-Even if you donít end up doing well in the overall standings of a
series, you can always look back at some of your better individual results
Peaking for one or two big events:
-You donít have to be race fit quite so soon in the season
-It is easier to focus your training on just one event
-You can still go to lots of other races, but the pressure to do
well isnít as high because your focus is on the "bigĒ race coming up
-You can train through a lot of early season races
-The pressure will be a lot higher at your big event
-The mental and physical preparation for your big event will be a
lot more intense
-If your big event doesnít go well, is your entire season a bust?
-If your big event does go well then you will have a fantastic
result and an incredible emotional high from doing so well at the most
important event of the season
Which method is best depends on you and the kind of rider you
are. Figure out whatís important to you,
how much money you can spend for the season, and ask yourself how you perform
under pressure. Weigh the pros and cons
of each and then decide what works best for you. Try one approach for this season and then
maybe try the other for the next season. If youíre willing to work hard you can do well at either one.
Good luck and happy trails!